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What is sustainable fishing? And why is it important?

Sustainable fishing means leaving enough fish in the ocean, respecting habitats and ensuring people who depend on fishing can maintain their livelihoods.


  • Protects marine fauna

Sustainable fishing respects marine ecosystems and adapts to the reproductive rate of fish to maintain a balance and ensure the survival of all species.

  • Uses selective methods

Sustainable fishing rejects the indiscriminate capture of fry and endangered species or those without commercial value.

  • Avoids waste

In sustainable fishing, the bycatch is used, for example, to make fishmeal to minimise food waste.

  • Contributes to food security

Sustainable small-scale fisheries account for 66% of all catches destined directly for human consumption.

  • Generates jobs and more responsible

Sustainable artisanal fishing provides employment for 90% of the global fishing industry and is the basis for the development of small fishing communities.

  • Reduces pollution

Sustainable fishing generates less waste, minimises energy consumption and reduces the use of chemicals that damage the ozone layer.

  • Certifies the sustainability of the catches

International standards such as the MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) Standard determine whether a fishery is sustainable and is being well-managed.




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